Ayurveda is the science of life, which covers each and every aspect of life. Childhood is the important phase of life therefore Ayurveda has placed Kaumarbhritya under the Ashtang Ayurveda. Childhood disorders can occur due to genetic factors or adaptation of modern life style in children such as feeding habits, avoidance of regular exercise, excessive intake of junk food items, spicy foods, Veerya virudha foods (dietetic incompatibility), etc. The respiratory tract infections are one of the common causes behind the children’s visit to the doctor. The recurrent respiratory tract infections affect a large number of children. Childhood Asthma is the one of the most common serious chronic disease in infants and children. Swasa roga (asthma) referred to as a chronic lung disease representing the obstructed air pathway. Cough is among one of the main symptom of respiratory diseases. During childhood Kapha Dosha is found to be predominant, thus most of the paediatric diseases occur due to vitiation of Kapha Dosha. Common cold is also caused due to vitiated Kapha Dosha. The various respiratory diseases in childhood are multifactorialcaused by both genetic predisposition, immature immune system and multiple environmental exposures.